Climate in Beirut, Lebanon


According to andyeducation, Beirut, the capital and largest city of Lebanon, is located on the country’s Mediterranean coastline. Beirut experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The city’s climate is influenced by its coastal location, proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, and its position within the eastern Mediterranean region. In this comprehensive description, we will explore various aspects of Beirut’s climate, including temperature, precipitation, seasons, and notable climate-related characteristics.


Beirut’s Mediterranean climate results in warm temperatures throughout the year, with distinct seasonal variations.

  • Summer (June to August): Summers in Beirut are hot and dry. Daytime temperatures typically range from 28°C to 32°C (82°F to 90°F), with occasional peaks reaching 35°C to 38°C (95°F to 100°F) during heatwaves. Nights are warm, with temperatures averaging around 23°C to 26°C (73°F to 79°F). The low humidity levels and gentle sea breezes make the summer season comfortable for outdoor activities and tourism.
  • Winter (December to February): Winters in Beirut are mild and relatively wet. Daytime temperatures typically range from 15°C to 18°C (59°F to 64°F). Nights are cooler, with temperatures averaging around 10°C to 13°C (50°F to 55°F). While snowfall is extremely rare in the city itself, the nearby mountains may receive snow during the winter months.
  • Transition Periods (March to May and September to November): The transition months experience gradually warming temperatures. Daytime highs range from 18°C to 25°C (64°F to 77°F), and nighttime lows range from 13°C to 18°C (55°F to 64°F). These seasons offer pleasant weather and are characterized by the blossoming of trees and flowers in spring and the changing foliage in autumn.

Beirut’s Mediterranean climate ensures warm and comfortable temperatures throughout the year, with the summer months being the hottest and the winter season providing a mild reprieve from the heat.


Beirut experiences distinct wet and dry seasons, with a pronounced variation in rainfall throughout the year.

  • Wet Season (November to March): The wet season in Beirut coincides with the winter months. During this period, the city experiences frequent rainfall, occasional thunderstorms, and cloudy days. Monthly rainfall totals can vary significantly but often range from 70 to 120 millimeters (2.8 to 4.7 inches) per month. The wet season contributes to the region’s water resources and agricultural activities.
  • Dry Season (April to October): The dry season spans from April to October. Precipitation during this period is minimal, and the city enjoys drier conditions with occasional isolated showers. Rainfall totals during the dry season are often negligible, with occasional light rain.

The seasonal variation in precipitation patterns plays a crucial role in agriculture, water management, and daily activities in Beirut.


Beirut’s climate can be broadly categorized into four distinct seasons, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Summer (June to August): Summers are characterized by hot and dry weather, with high temperatures and low humidity levels. It’s a season for outdoor activities, beachgoers, and tourism.
  2. Winter (December to February): Winters are mild and relatively wet, with cooler evenings. The season offers a reprieve from the summer heat and provides opportunities for cultural exploration.
  3. Spring (March to May): Spring is a season of renewal, marked by warming temperatures and the blossoming of trees and flowers. It’s a time of transition and preparation for the summer ahead.
  4. Autumn (September to November): Autumn offers pleasant temperatures and changing foliage. It’s a season for outdoor activities and enjoying the city’s vibrant cultural scene.

Climate-Related Characteristics:

According to existingcountries, Beirut’s Mediterranean climate has some notable characteristics and considerations:

  1. Coastal Influence: Beirut’s coastal location has a moderating effect on its climate, resulting in milder temperatures compared to inland areas. The Mediterranean Sea helps regulate temperatures and provides a source of moisture.
  2. Agriculture: The wet season is crucial for agriculture in the region, supporting the cultivation of citrus fruits, olives, and various crops.
  3. Cultural Heritage: The city’s climate influences its cultural heritage, with seasonal festivals and traditions reflecting the changing seasons. Lebanese cuisine and outdoor markets thrive during the pleasant weather.
  4. Tourism: The city’s climate, with its warm summers and mild winters, makes it an attractive destination for tourists. Visitors can explore historical sites, enjoy Mediterranean cuisine, and experience the city’s vibrant culture.
  5. Water Management: Effective water management practices, including reservoirs and aquifers, are essential for ensuring a stable water supply for agriculture and daily life, especially during the dry season.

In conclusion, Beirut, Lebanon, experiences a Mediterranean climate with warm temperatures, distinct wet and dry seasons, and specific precipitation patterns. The city’s climate plays a significant role in supporting agriculture, influencing water management practices, and shaping cultural traditions and festivals. Understanding and adapting to the seasonal variations are essential for residents and visitors to make the most of Beirut’s unique climate and the vibrant culture it fosters throughout the year.