Geography of Bertie County, North Carolina

North America

Bertie County, nestled in the northeastern region of North Carolina, is a land of rich history, diverse geography, and natural beauty. From its fertile farmland and winding rivers to its lush forests and expansive wetlands, Bertie County offers a captivating blend of landscapes and ecosystems. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Bertie County.


According to Recipesinthebox, Bertie County spans an area of approximately 741 square miles (1,918 square kilometers) and is situated in the Coastal Plain region of North Carolina. It is bordered by several other counties, including Hertford County to the north, Chowan County to the east, and Martin County to the west. The county is characterized by its flat terrain, with elevations ranging from sea level along the coast to around 100 feet (30 meters) in the interior.

The geography of Bertie County is defined by its diverse mix of landscapes, including farmland, forests, wetlands, and waterways. The county is part of the Albemarle-Pamlico Peninsula, a large peninsula that extends into the Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound, two of the largest estuarine systems in the United States.

The county seat of Bertie County is the town of Windsor, while other notable communities include Aulander, Colerain, and Powellsville. These towns and villages are situated along the county’s network of roads and highways, which provide access to the surrounding countryside and neighboring counties.


Bertie County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with relatively mild winters and hot, humid summers. The region’s climate is influenced by its location along the Atlantic Coast, with weather patterns shaped by the nearby ocean and prevailing winds.

Summers in Bertie County are typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 24 to 34 degrees Celsius). Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). Thunderstorms are also frequent, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and gusty winds to the area.

Winters in Bertie County are generally mild, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-30s to low 50s Fahrenheit (around 1 to 10 degrees Celsius). Frost and freezing temperatures can occur during the winter months, particularly in the interior parts of the county, but snowfall is rare and usually light and short-lived.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Bertie County, characterized by mild temperatures and changing foliage. Spring brings the blooming of flowers and the greening of the landscape, while fall showcases the vibrant colors of changing leaves and the harvest of agricultural crops.

Rivers and Lakes:

Bertie County is home to several rivers, creeks, and lakes, which provide valuable water resources and support diverse ecosystems. The Chowan River, which forms the county’s western boundary, is one of the most prominent geographic features. The river serves as a vital transportation route and source of water for irrigation, fishing, and recreation.

The Cashie River is another significant waterway in Bertie County, flowing through the heart of the county from west to east. The river and its tributaries provide habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife, as well as opportunities for fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing.

In addition to rivers and creeks, Bertie County is also home to several lakes and reservoirs, which offer recreational opportunities for residents and visitors. These include the Perry-Winkle Wildlife Management Area, which features several impoundments and ponds that provide habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife.

Parks and Recreation:

Bertie County is home to several parks, wildlife refuges, and outdoor recreation areas that showcase the natural beauty and diversity of the region. These include:

  • Merchants Millpond State Park, located in the northeastern part of the county, which features a scenic cypress swamp and a millpond dating back to the early 19th century. The park offers opportunities for hiking, canoeing, and wildlife viewing, as well as camping and picnicking.
  • Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge, which spans several counties in northeastern North Carolina, including Bertie County. The refuge protects over 20,000 acres of bottomland hardwood forest and wetlands along the Roanoke River, providing habitat for a variety of migratory birds, waterfowl, and other wildlife.
  • The Bertie County Wildlife Club, located near the town of Windsor, which offers hunting and fishing opportunities on private lands and managed properties throughout the county. The club also sponsors educational programs, conservation projects, and outdoor events for members and the community.

These parks and recreation areas serve as valuable natural resources for residents and visitors to enjoy, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation, education, and conservation in a protected setting.

Historic Landmarks:

Bertie County is rich in history and is home to several historic landmarks and sites that showcase its cultural heritage and significance. These include:

  • The Hope Plantation, located near the town of Windsor, which is a historic plantation house and museum dating back to the late 18th century. The plantation offers guided tours, educational programs, and special events that highlight the history of the region and its role in the antebellum South.
  • The Somerset Place State Historic Site, located in neighboring Washington County, which preserves the remains of a large antebellum plantation and offers guided tours, living history demonstrations, and educational programs that explore the lives of enslaved Africans and their descendants.
  • The Windsor Historic District, located in downtown Windsor, which features a collection of historic buildings and structures dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries. The district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and offers walking tours, self-guided maps, and interpretive signage that showcase the architectural and cultural heritage of the region.

These historic landmarks and sites provide opportunities for visitors to learn about the rich history and cultural heritage of Bertie County and its role in shaping the history of North Carolina and the United States.


In conclusion, Bertie County, North Carolina, offers a wealth of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural heritage for residents and visitors to enjoy. From its scenic rivers and wetlands to its historic landmarks and museums, the county’s geography reflects the diverse ecosystems and rich history of the region. Whether exploring Merchants Millpond State Park, birdwatching in the Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge, or touring the Hope Plantation, Bertie County has something to offer for everyone. With its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich cultural heritage, Bertie County is truly a gem of northeastern North Carolina.