Geography of Cumberland County, Kentucky

North America

Cumberland County, located in the south-central part of the state of Kentucky, USA, is a region characterized by its rolling hills, abundant waterways, and rural charm. Encompassing an area of approximately 307 square miles, the county offers a unique blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and cultural heritage. In this comprehensive overview, we will explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Cumberland County. Check acronymmonster to learn more about the state of Kentucky.


Cumberland County is situated in the south-central part of Kentucky, bordered by the counties of Clinton, Monroe, Metcalfe, and Russell. The county seat and largest city, Burkesville, serves as the central hub of commerce, government, and community life. Other notable communities in Cumberland County include Marrowbone, Peytonsburg, and Bakerton.

The landscape of Cumberland County is characterized by its rolling hills, wooded valleys, and fertile farmland. The county is part of the Pennyroyal Plateau region, a geological formation known for its karst topography, limestone caves, and underground drainage systems.

The county is intersected by several major highways, including U.S. Route 61, which runs north-south through the county, and Kentucky Route 90, which traverses the county from east to west. These transportation routes provide access to the county’s communities and attractions and serve as important conduits for travel and commerce.


Cumberland County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and the prevailing weather patterns of the southeastern United States.

Summer temperatures in Cumberland County typically range from the 80s to 90s°F (27-32°C), with high humidity levels and occasional thunderstorms bringing relief from the heat. Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 100°F (38°C) for extended periods.

Winters in Cumberland County are mild, with average temperatures ranging from the 30s to 40s°F (0 to 9°C). Snowfall is relatively rare, with accumulations typically limited to a few inches or less during winter storms. Residents and visitors alike enjoy mild winter weather, with opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing.

Spring and fall offer mild, pleasant weather conditions in Cumberland County, with temperatures gradually warming in the spring and cooling in the fall. These transitional seasons are favored by residents and visitors alike for outdoor activities such as fishing, boating, and exploring the region’s natural beauty.

Rivers and Lakes:

Cumberland County is blessed with an abundance of rivers, creeks, and lakes, which play integral roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreation.

The primary river flowing through Cumberland County is the Cumberland River, which forms the county’s northern border and serves as an important transportation corridor and waterway. The Cumberland River provides opportunities for boating, fishing, and other recreational activities, as well as scenic views and wildlife habitat along its banks.

Several smaller creeks and streams also meander through Cumberland County, draining into the Cumberland River and its tributaries. These watercourses provide habitats for aquatic species, support riparian vegetation, and offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as kayaking, canoeing, and birdwatching.

In addition to its rivers and creeks, Cumberland County is home to several lakes and reservoirs, including Dale Hollow Lake and Lake Cumberland. These bodies of water provide opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and picnicking, attracting residents and visitors alike to their shores.

Natural Resources:

Cumberland County is rich in natural resources, including fertile soils, forests, and mineral deposits, which support a variety of ecosystems and economic activities.

The county’s fertile soils are ideal for agriculture, with crops such as corn, soybeans, wheat, and tobacco grown on farms throughout the region. Agriculture plays a vital role in the county’s economy and provides food, fiber, and fuel for local and global markets.

Forests and woodlands are also important features of Cumberland County’s landscape, providing habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities, and timber resources for lumber, paper production, and other wood products. The county’s forests are managed sustainably to ensure their long-term health and productivity.

Mineral deposits such as limestone, sandstone, and coal are found in Cumberland County, supporting mining and quarrying operations that provide raw materials for construction, manufacturing, and other industries. Coal mining has historically been an important industry in the region, with several mines operating in the early 20th century.


Cumberland County, Kentucky, offers a diverse array of geographical features, climate patterns, and natural resources that contribute to its unique character and appeal. From its rolling hills and fertile farmland to its rivers, lakes, and forests, the county boasts a wealth of opportunities for outdoor recreation, economic development, and cultural enrichment. As stewards of this remarkable landscape, residents and visitors alike are entrusted with the responsibility of preserving and protecting Cumberland County for future generations to enjoy. Through sustainable practices, conservation efforts, and a commitment to environmental stewardship, Cumberland County will continue to thrive as a vibrant and cherished part of south-central Kentucky’s landscape.