Geography of Furnas County, Nebraska

North America

Furnas County, located in south-central Nebraska, is a region characterized by its diverse geography, agricultural landscapes, and scenic beauty. From its rolling plains and fertile farmland to its meandering rivers and tranquil lakes, Furnas County offers a captivating blend of natural features and rural charm.


According to Themotorcyclers, Furnas County spans an area of approximately 721 square miles, making it one of the larger counties in Nebraska by land area. It is situated in the southern part of the state, bordered by Harlan County to the north, Phelps County to the east, Red Willow County to the west, and Norton County, Kansas, to the south. The county seat and largest city is Beaver City, while other communities include Cambridge, Arapahoe, and Edison.

The terrain of Furnas County is characterized by its gently rolling plains, fertile valleys, and meandering waterways. Elevations in the county range from around 1,800 feet above sea level in the upland areas to less than 1,500 feet above sea level in the river valleys. The landscape is shaped by geological processes such as erosion, sedimentation, and glaciation, resulting in a varied and picturesque countryside.


The landscape of Furnas County is defined by its location within the Great Plains region of North America, which is characterized by its vast expanses of grassland and prairie. The county is situated on the eastern edge of the High Plains, a region of gently rolling hills and fertile valleys that extends across much of Nebraska and the surrounding states. The Republican River, one of the major tributaries of the Kansas River, flows through the central part of the county, providing vital water resources and habitat for diverse wildlife.

In addition to its agricultural land and river valleys, Furnas County is also home to several natural areas and parks, which provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and wildlife habitat. The county’s varied terrain supports a wide range of plant and animal species, including deer, pheasants, quail, and various species of birds. Outdoor activities such as hunting, fishing, and birdwatching are popular among residents and visitors alike.


Furnas County experiences a semi-arid climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with hot summers, cold winters, and low precipitation throughout the year. The region is influenced by its inland location and the weather patterns of the Great Plains.

Summers in Furnas County are typically warm and dry, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 80s to 90s Fahrenheit. Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are also frequent, particularly in the afternoon and evening, bringing lightning, gusty winds, and sporadic rainfall.

Winters in Furnas County are cold and snowy, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 20s to 30s Fahrenheit. The county receives moderate snowfall, particularly in the upland areas and higher elevations, with several inches of snow accumulating each winter. Snowstorms and blizzards are occasional hazards, particularly during periods of Arctic air outbreaks.

Spring and fall bring transitional weather, with mild temperatures and changing conditions. Springtime heralds the blooming of wildflowers and the emergence of wildlife, while fall is characterized by cooler temperatures and vibrant foliage as the leaves change color before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes

Furnas County is home to several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play vital roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational opportunities. The Republican River, after which the county is named, flows through the central part of the county from west to east, providing habitat for diverse wildlife and recreational opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking. The river is popular for its scenic beauty, clear water, and abundance of fish species, including catfish, bass, and walleye.

Additionally, Furnas County is dotted with numerous smaller rivers and streams, including Turkey Creek, Spring Creek, and Turkey Creek, which meander through the prairies and valleys of the county. These waterways provide habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife and offer recreational opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and wildlife viewing.

While Furnas County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, there are several reservoirs and impoundments scattered throughout the region. These bodies of water serve various purposes, including irrigation, flood control, and recreation, and contribute to the county’s overall water resources.

Parks and Natural Areas

Furnas County features a network of parks, natural areas, and wildlife habitats, providing residents and visitors with opportunities for outdoor recreation, education, and conservation. One of the most notable parks in the area is the Medicine Creek State Recreation Area, which encompasses over 7,000 acres of forested uplands, wetlands, and shoreline along the Republican River. The recreation area offers camping facilities, hiking trails, and boating opportunities, allowing visitors to experience the natural beauty and biodiversity of Furnas County.

Other notable parks and natural areas in Furnas County include the Prairie Dog State Recreation Area, the Swanson Reservoir State Recreation Area, and the Cambridge City Park. These protected areas provide opportunities for hiking, picnicking, and wildlife viewing, allowing visitors to connect with nature and explore the county’s diverse landscapes and ecosystems.


Furnas County, Nebraska, offers a diverse and picturesque geographical landscape, characterized by its rolling plains, fertile valleys, and meandering rivers. The county’s terrain, climate, and natural features provide a wealth of opportunities for outdoor recreation, agriculture, and wildlife habitat. Whether exploring the Republican River, fishing in Medicine Creek State Recreation Area, or birdwatching in Prairie Dog State Recreation Area, residents and visitors alike can experience the natural wonders of Furnas County.