Geography of Greenwood County, Kansas

North America

Geography of Greenwood County, Kansas

Greenwood County, located in the southeastern part of the state of Kansas, is a region of diverse landscapes, rich history, and abundant natural resources. From its rolling prairies and fertile farmland to its winding rivers and scenic lakes, Greenwood County offers a tapestry of geography that has shaped its environment, climate, and cultural heritage.

Topography and Landscapes:

According to Relationshipsplus, Greenwood County’s topography is characterized by its gently rolling hills, expansive prairies, and fertile valleys. The county is situated in the Flint Hills region, a unique geological formation that extends across parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska.

The eastern part of Greenwood County is dominated by the Flint Hills, a series of rolling hills covered in tallgrass prairie. These hills are composed primarily of limestone and shale, which were deposited millions of years ago when the area was covered by a shallow sea. The Flint Hills are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including tallgrass prairie plants, such as big bluestem and Indian grass, and wildlife, such as bison, deer, and coyotes.

To the west, the terrain becomes more flat and open, with vast expanses of agricultural land and pasture. The Verdigris River Valley, located in the central part of the county, is characterized by its fertile soil and meandering river, which provide important habitat for wildlife and support a thriving agricultural industry.


Greenwood County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The region is influenced by its location in the central part of the United States, which can result in dramatic variations in weather and temperature throughout the year.

Summers in Greenwood County are typically hot and humid, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 80s to the 90s Fahrenheit (about 27-35°C). Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rain, lightning, and occasional gusty winds.

Winters in Greenwood County are cold and dry, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 20s to the 40s Fahrenheit (about -6 to 4°C). Snowfall is infrequent but can occur during the winter months, particularly in the northern part of the county. Winter storms may bring freezing rain, sleet, and icy conditions, making travel hazardous.

Spring and autumn are transitional seasons, characterized by mild temperatures and fluctuating weather patterns. These seasons are popular times for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and enjoying the changing foliage.

Rivers and Lakes:

Greenwood County is home to several important rivers and waterways, which play a vital role in shaping the county’s geography and providing habitat for wildlife. The most significant river in the area is the Verdigris River, which flows from southeastern Kansas into northeastern Oklahoma and bisects the county from north to south. The river provides habitat for fish, birds, and other wildlife, as well as opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.

In addition to the Verdigris River, Greenwood County is crisscrossed by numerous creeks, streams, and tributaries, which drain into the Verdigris River or flow into the Neosho River to the east. These waterways provide important habitat for a variety of aquatic species, as well as opportunities for recreation such as canoeing, birdwatching, and wildlife photography.

While natural lakes are scarce in Greenwood County, there are several reservoirs and impoundments created for water supply, irrigation, and recreational purposes. Notable lakes include Fall River Lake, located in the northern part of the county, and Eureka City Lake, located in the central part. These lakes offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and picnicking, as well as habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife.

Natural Resources:

Greenwood County’s geography is rich in natural resources, including fertile soil, waterways, and forests. The region’s fertile farmland supports a thriving agricultural industry, with crops such as corn, soybeans, and wheat grown throughout the county. Agriculture is an important part of the local economy, providing employment and economic opportunities for residents.

Water resources are also essential to the economy and way of life in Greenwood County, supporting agriculture, industry, and recreation. The Verdigris River and its tributaries provide a reliable source of water for irrigation, drinking water, and recreation. The county’s reservoirs and impoundments help regulate water flow and provide opportunities for recreation such as swimming, boating, and fishing.

Forests and woodlands are found primarily in the eastern part of Greenwood County, where the terrain is more hilly and wooded. These forests provide habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities, and timber resources. Greenwood County’s parks and natural areas offer residents and visitors a chance to explore and enjoy the natural beauty of the region, with hiking trails, picnic areas, and scenic overlooks.


In summary, Greenwood County, Kansas, offers a diverse and picturesque geography shaped by its rolling hills, fertile farmland, and meandering rivers. From the Flint Hills to the Verdigris River Valley, the county’s landscapes provide a rich tapestry of ecosystems and habitats.

The region’s humid subtropical climate presents unique challenges and opportunities, from hot, humid summers to cold, dry winters. Despite these challenges, Greenwood County’s natural resources and scenic beauty make it an attractive destination for residents and visitors alike.

As Greenwood County continues to grow and develop, its geography will remain a fundamental aspect of its identity, shaping the lives and experiences of its residents and visitors for generations to come. Preserving the region’s natural beauty and ecological diversity will be essential to ensuring a sustainable future for this unique and remarkable corner of Kansas.