Greece Archaeology 2

Greece Archaeology and Ancient Arts Part II


In Corinth excavations continued, especially of the buildings around the agora: the south portico with a double row of tabernas, ending towards the west in small but interesting Roman baths; at the center of the agora the row of Roman shops that divide the square into two terraces with a marble staircase for communication. The bema was found in the center of the shops. At the Greek time the agora was divided into several irregular terraces, an ‘ aphesis was found to the eastor starting line for the races and, below, a more antithetical one. Around 400 a. C. the agora was created; before there were houses of the fifth century. to. C. of which one with a mosaic of a griffin landing a horse. The remains of a sanctuary of the century were also found. Street. C., destroyed in the century. IV a. C., which stands on a geometric necropolis. The six Roman temples and the Babbius monument at the west end have been studied. A building to the south-east was also tested (where wells with pottery and other objects were found), built in the early years of the Roman colony and possibly restored by CnBabbilus Philinus: from an inscription it is assumed that it is the tabularium. Many architectural objects and terracottas were found in the excavation of the wells of the tabernas in the south stoa. To the south-east of the agora other buildings from the Roman period and a Hellenistic statuette of Aphrodite were discovered.

At Perachora the temples of Era Limena and Era Akraia have come to light; in Sicyon the excavations of the agora, the gymnasium, the bouleuterion, the elongated temple of Artemis and houses continued.

In Epidaurus, in addition to peripheral buildings, the abaton and the so-called Bath were tested, which revealed various phases from the sixth century. on; the excavations of the temple of Asclepius have shown that no building occupied the place before the one built by Theodore in the 4th century; and inside the cell it was seen that the black and white limestone floor rested on poros slabs, but it was interrupted against the south wall to leave a sort of low basin along m. 2.70, wide m. 1.25, deep m. o, 585, covered with stucco painted in red with a black-white mosaic background. It was thought that more than for water it served as thesauros.

In Argolis in Pitsa a cult cave for the Nymphs was excavated with votive objects from the 6th-4th century. and four painted wood pinakes.

In Elide, notable results have resulted from the excavations of Olympia made in the years immediately before the war with the main purpose of highlighting the stadium; they were conducted across the whole breadth and in most of the south and west sides, and have detected five phases. The track was surrounded by a terracing of earth which, however, in the first phase around 450 was missing to the west; and at this time the runway was at a higher level and further south than that of the approximately 350 stadium. On the southern side the terracing of the fifth century. it was supported by a stepped wall towards the Alphaeus. the foundations of a wooden tribune of the Ellanodics have been found. Many bronzes, inscribed shields, greaves, helmets found came from votive trophies. Around the Altis they have also excavated on the south side Stoa which is the result of the century. IV a. C. with Roman reconstructions; on the west side the Roman baths near the Cladeo, where more ancient installations of baths have been found starting from the classical era; further south a large building with mosaics, perhaps for pilgrims; on the north side the gymnasium and on the flanks of the Kronion, to the NW. of the stadium, a district of smelters with ovens, molds and a large number of bronzes came to light.

In Arcadia at Atsicolo (Gortys) the walls, a sanctuary of Pan, the Asklepieion with portico and bathroom and another Asklepieion in the locality of S. Andrea have been excavated, as well as various buildings from the century. IV a. C. to the Roman age.

In Epirus, in Nicopolis, the stadium and the gymnasium were partly excavated beyond a Christian basilica with five naves with an ambo obtained from an ancient base with reliefs of battles between Greeks and barbarians, and another minor basilica with three naves, post -Justinianean. A large basilica with a porticoed atrium and mosaics came to light in Nea Anchialos in Thessaly and under the narthex mosaics from an early church of the century were found. V. In Phocis at Delphi, the partial anastylosis of the temple of Apollo and the thōlos of Marmaria was cured, and Roman baths were excavated to the west of the sanctuary.

In Macedonia in Philippi excavations were carried out in the walls, in a Hellenistic oikos, in various parts of the city as well as in the Christian basilica. In Cavala a sanctuary of Athena Parthenos was found with a cult from the Archaic to the Hellenistic age; in Olinto the excavations of the city continued, bringing to light other houses and a stoa ; in Thessaloniki the imperial palace and other buildings and a Serapieion have been found around the arch of Gallienus.

In the islands, in Lemnos, a Hellenistic Kabirion in Chloi with a stoa, a Greek theater in Hephaestia as well as Tyrrhenian and late houses has been brought to light ; excavations of Kabirion, anaktoron and Arsinoeion continued also in Samothrace, as well as in Thasos in the region south of the agora and in the prytaneum; and a sanctuary of Heracles Kallinikos was brought to light, a building perhaps consecrated to Soteira, a temenos of foreign divinities, a circular building of worship covered on the outside in marble with an altar in the center, of still uncertain date and destination, a heron of Lucio Cesare.

This excavation activity, with that carried out in other areas of the Mediterranean regions, has increased in the last decade the documents for the history of Greek art; at the same time the critical studies multiplied which contributed to clarify and clarify the historical framework, the spirit and the value of the works and the physiognomy of the various artistic personalities. Here we will only mention the main figurative monuments that have come to light and the more certain identifications that can represent new materials and fixed points for the reconstruction of the history of Greek art, also summarizing the information concerning the various artists.

Greece Archaeology 2